Titanium Found in the Form of Titanium-Containing Minerals

In 1791, titanium was discovered in the form of titanium-containing minerals in Cornwall, England. The discoverer was England's amateur mineralogist Gregor, who was the priest of the Creed parish in Cornwall.

Gregor found some black sand near the creek in the neighbouring Manaccan parish. Later he discovered that the sand would be attracted by magnets. He realized that the mineral (ilmenite) contained a new type of Elements. After analysis, it was found that there are two kinds of metal oxides in the sand: iron oxide (the reason why sand is attracted by magnets) and a white metal oxide that he cannot recognize. Gregor realized that the unidentified oxide contained an undiscovered metal and published the discovery for the Royal Cornwall Institute of Geology and the German Chemical Yearbook. At about the same time, Miller von Reichenstein also made a similar substance, but could not recognize it.